There are many benefits to installing a heat pump in your house. The following articles explain how each type of device works, its costs, and the features you should consider when buying one. Many homeowners across the country are turning to heat pumps as an energy-efficient option to heat and cool their homes. Homeowners can save hundreds of dollars a year using these heaters and air conditioners instead of regular electric heaters. Following the U.S. energy department, heat pumps can produce 1.5 to 3 times more electricity than they consume.
Types of heat pumps
Various heat pumps are available, each with different benefits and drawbacks at other price points. To have a professional help you with your decision, enter your ZIP code below to be connected with a local HVAC contractor nearby:
Air-source heat pumps and refrigerants collect outside air and compress it. The hot air is then sent through the ducts in your house, heating the rooms. A heat pump can extract energy from the outside air and convert it to proper heat for your home, even in cold climates. The average air-source heat pump can last for over 20 years without much maintenance, saving homeowners substantial energy costs.
So long as ductwork is installed in the home, air-source heat pumps are cheaper than other systems. By switching to an air-source heat pump instead of resistance heating, you may be able to achieve long-term savings. Installation and unit costs average between $3,500 and $7,500.
A geothermal heat pump uses an underground loop of pipes called a heat exchanger to collect and store heat from the earth to heat and cool a building. Temperatures from these sensors are sent to the indoor unit, which treats the air and sends it outside through the house’s ducts. Because the system uses minimal energy, ground-source heat pumps are ideal for people looking to reduce their yearly energy bills.
The extensive work required for installation makes geothermal heat pumps expensive at first, even though they are incredibly efficient in the long run. Because the pipes use ground heat to be buried at least 4 feet below the surface. If the lines must be buried deep, the labor for this installation can be expensive. The unit and installation cost can range from $13,000 to $36,000.
A typical HVAC system loses 30% of its energy in the ductwork. This is especially true if the ductwork runs through unconditioned areas of the house, such as an attic. A ductless mini-split heat pump mitigates this energy loss by using a small indoor unit for each zone that connects to an outdoor unit. Suitable for homes with fewer square feet and fewer zones, they can be a better option than ductwork if they do not already have ductwork installed.
Installation is simple, and labor costs are lower than other heat pumps, making this one of the cheapest options. This is the best option for tiny homes looking for a fast, cheap heat pump. Depending on where you live, these heat pumps can cost anywhere between $1,500 and $5,000.
Gas-powered heat pumps are available as well
Due to their reliance on natural gas, gas-fired heat pumps are generally less efficient than other heat pumps, resulting in extremely high energy costs. On the other hand, gas-fired heat pumps are excellent for large commercial buildings and buildings with multiple temperature zones. The 5-ton systems can support large rooms with various temperatures. There are more and more of them in larger residential homes.
Overall, a standard unit and installation cost is usually between $4,500 and $8,000.
How much does a heat pump system cost?
When evaluating heat pump pricing, it is essential to consider the following factors:
- Size: Heat pumps are usually measured in tons, and the average market heat pump weighs between 2 to 5 tons. Finding the right size is crucial; if you buy one too small, it will have to operate constantly, increasing your energy bill and wearing out the machine. The downside of higher tons is that they can be more expensive upfront.
- Brand: Many brands offer different models at different prices, from cheap, low-quality units to expensive, high-quality systems. Instead of choosing based solely on price, shop around and read reviews to ensure you make the right choice. Heat pump installation likely requires the assistance of an HVAC contractor. The cost of labor depends on the type of heat pump. It takes more work to install geothermal units because they must be buried under four feet of the ground. The price for a quick and easy installation of a ductless mini-split heat pump can be as little as $500.
- Manufacturers disclose the seasonal energy efficiency rating to help homeowners choose the most efficient and sustainable HVAC solutions (SEER). A heat pump’s SEER number measures how efficiently it cools a house. On the market, SEER ratings typically fall between 14-24, with the highest rating being the most efficient.
- HSPF: Similar to SEER, this rating measures the efficiency of heat pumps, but only for how they heat homes. There are two typical HSPF ratings on the market: 8.2 and 13. The higher the number, the better the rating.
What is the primary issue with heat pumps?
Weird noises are the heat pump’s most common issue.
There are 2 kinds of noises in this instance rattling sounds- a sign that the heat pump’s internal components are loose. Or squeaking noises indicate a problem with the pump and necessitate calling a repair professional to examine your heating system.
How long can a heat pump operate?
It will last roughly 10–15 years.
Heat pumps generally aren’t as durable as lengthy as furnaces & air conditioning systems because they’re used year-round. They have a 10- to 15-year lifetime on a regular.
Repairing heat pumps
If your heat pump has broken down, you will typically need a professional to repair it. A home warranty can provide coverage for HVAC breakdowns and duct systems. Consult your contract to find out if you’re covered. Once the technician arrives, you will only need to pay the service fee.
If you’d like a quick consultation to find out what will work best for you, you can contact a local HVAC contractor such as Michael & Son. Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, and Washington, D.C. are available as service areas. When maintaining each type of heat pump, you may have to perform various repairs.